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Large Caps, Mid Caps and Small Caps explained

NSE has a beautiful classification of large caps, mid caps and small caps.


Large caps commonly refers to stocks in the NIFTY 100 index. NIFTY 100 is a diversified 100 stock index representing major sectors of the economy. NIFTY 100 represents top 100 companies based on full market capitalisation from NIFTY 500.

The NIFTY 100 Index represents about 74.8% of the free float market capitalization of the stocks listed on NSE as on March 31, 2017.



More info on NIFTY 100

NIFTY Midcap 150 represents the next 150 companies (companies ranked 101-250) based on full market capitalisation from NIFTY 500. This index intends to measure the performance of mid market capitalisation companies.

The NIFTY Midcap 150 Index represents about 13.5% of the free float market capitalization of the stocks listed on NSE as on March 31, 2017

More info on NIFTY midcap 150

Nifty Smallcap 250 represents the balance 250 companies (companies ranked 251-500) from Nifty 500. This index intends to measure the performance of small market capitalisation companies.

The total traded value for the last six months ending March 2015, of all index constituents is approximately 26 % of the traded value of all stocks on NSE.

More info on NIFTY small cap 250

Incidentally NIFTY 500 stocks account for 95% of the total market capitalization . There are close to 1800 stocks traded on NSE everyday. This means 1800 - 500 = 1300 stocks account for only 5% of the total market capitalization. 

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